Skin Analysis (Guide To Flawless Skin Part 6)
It isn’t uncommon to confuse skin types with skin conditions. Your skin type is what you are born with, although it is not completely unusual for it to change over time, during adolescence, pregnancy, or menopause for example. Skin types are generally classified as Normal, Oily, Combination, or Dry.
Skin conditions are significantly more prone to changes and are often affected by external factors like environmental damage or bacteria and internal factors like poor diet or medication. Skin Conditions encompass concerns such as acne, redness, aging, and dehydration.
Using the wrong skincare products for your skin type and your skin condition can be detrimental to your skin’s health. The following is a categorical list of some of the basic skin types and skin conditions to help you navigate your way towards the right products.
The Basic Skin Types
Normal Skin Extremely Rare (only about 2 to 5 % of the population). Usually very young skin. Fine-textured, pores are invisible. Looks healthy and smooth, and feels soft and cool to the touch. Oils and moisture are in perfect balance, and skin does not over react to environmental stimuli.
Oily/Acne-Prone Shows an over-production of sebum (oils), which give it a constant, oily shine and sometimes a sallow or yellow complexion. Often has enlarged pores, blackheads and whiteheads. Blemishes may also be present, and the skin may look “bumpy.” Oily skin can occur at any age, but most often happens at the onset of puberty and sometimes during hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause.
Combination Skin Displays the characteristics of oily skin through the T-Zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and of dry or normal skin on the rest of the face.
Dry Skin This skin generally lacks both natural oils and moisture. It is often dry and tight to the touch. Dry skin can even be prone to flakiness, scaling, and chapping.
Basic Skin Conditions
Acne is a medical condition best diagnosed and treated by a physician. Skin tends to break out easily, and can form pustules (whiteheads) or comedones (blackheads). Acne is caused by the p. acnes bacteria that can easily spread from area to area and form scars or pits if not properly treated. Acne can be associated with any type of skin: oily, combination, dry and even mature.
This skin lacks moisture, often a result of product- use or environment. It is generally thin and fine-textured, yet it tends to feel rough to the touch. Lines and wrinkles become easily etched into dehydrated skin. Dehydrated Skin is not to be confused with the standard Dry Skin type. Even Oily Skin, when exposed to harsh soaps and alcohol astringents, can become dehydrated, and also needs moisture replenishment.
Shows a visible loss of elasticity and firmness, in particular around the chin and jaw line; visible lines form around the mouth and a deepening of lines and wrinkles appears around the eyes and on the forehead. Uneven skin texture and hyperpigmentation often occur on mature skin.
Rosacea is a common skin condition that causes redness and swelling of the face as a result of enlarged blood vessels. It is often referred to as “adult acne” as it can cause the appearance of blemishes. Rosacea begins as a tendency to flush or blush easily, and progresses to persistent redness that involves the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. Rosacea is significantly more common in women than in men.
Generally fair, thin and fine textured; sensitive skin tends to over-react to climatic changes and stimulation. Flushes and burns easily. Capillaries may be visible on the surface, and it can be prone to redness on the cheeks. Sensitive skin often develops hypersensitivities to soaps, fragrances, botanicals, and certain preservatives or colors in skin products.